France | The Médoc
The Médoc is arguably the most famous red wine district in the world and home to many of the greatest and most renowned chateaux of Bordeaux. The wine region stretches north-west from the city of Bordeaux with the Gironde estuary to the east.
The most northerly, low-lying vineyards are classified simply as Médoc AOC (formerly known as the Bas-Médoc) , whilst those on higher ground, closer to the city of Bordeaux, are entitled to the Haut-Médoc appellation. Within that appellation, there are further communal or village appellations, namely Listrac and Moulis, and the four great names of St. Estèphe, Pauillac, St Julien and Margaux. As a rule of thumb, the greatest wines are made at those properties that can "see the river".